Akdeniz Diyeti Uyumunun KOAH Hastalarında Bilişsel Fonksiyonlar Üzerine Etkisi

Gülfem YILDIRIM

  • Yıl : 2023
  • Cilt : 39
  • Sayı : 4
  •  Sayfa : 151-156

Abstract

Objective

According to the latest Gold 2023 guidelines, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a disease that causes mortality. Controlling the risk factors that can cause the disease is important to prevent progression. Nutrition has been shown to be effective in the prevention and progression of COPD. There are studies showing that many antioxidant nutrition methods prevent oxidation in COPD patients and prevent the progression of the disease. Cognitive dysfunction is one of the most common comorbid conditions with the progression of the disease. As the development of cognitive dysfunction complicates the treatment management of the disease, the process becomes more difficult for healthcare professionals and patients. The Mediterranean diet is an antioxidant diet and is recommended for COPD patients to support treatment. Knowledge of the effects of diet on COPD can provide an evidence-based lifestyle approach for health professionals to better counsel patients to improve lung health.

Methods

49 COPD patients between June 2023 to August 2023 included to our study. Cognitive performance was assessed using Montreal Cognitive Assessment and depression was assessed Beck Depression Inventory by a neurologist. All patients were assessed with Turkish-adapted Mediterranean Diet Adherence Scale.

 

Results

 

The study included 49 patients. According to the results of our study, the mean age of our patients was 74.04 ± 8.4 years. 26% of our patients were women. The prevalence of cognitive dysfunction and depression was 91.8% and 35%, respectively. When we analyzed the correlation between the results of the Mediterranean Diet Adherence Scale and the Montreal Cognitive Assessment test, we found that patients with high adherence to the Mediterranean Diet Adherence Scale also had significantly higher Montreal Cognitive Assessment test scores. When we analyzed the patients in two subgroups as those with and without cognitive dysfunction, the association of each group with the Mediterranean Dietary Adherence Scale was also found to be significant.

Conclusion

In COPD patients who include a Mediterranean diet in their diet, the risk of developing cognitive dysfunction in the early period may decrease.

Atıf yapmak için : Yildirim G. The Effect of Mediterranean Diet Compliance on Cognitive Functions in COPD Patients. Selcuk Med J 2023;39(4): 151-156
Açıklama : Yazarların hiçbiri, bu makalede bahsedilen herhangi bir ürün, aygıt veya ilaç ile ilgili maddi çıkar ilişkisine sahip değildir. Araştırma, herhangi bir dış organizasyon tarafından desteklenmedi.Yazarlar çalışmanın birincil verilerine tam erişim izni vermek ve derginin talep ettiği takdirde verileri incelemesine izin vermeyi kabul etmektedirler.
Akdeniz Diyeti Uyumunun KOAH Hastalarında Bilişsel Fonksiyonlar Üzerine Etkisi
, Vol. 39 (4)
Geliş Tarihi : 15.10.2023, Kabul Tarihi : 15.10.2023, Yayın Tarihi : 15.12.2023
Selçuk Tıp Dergisi
ISSN:1017-6616;
E-ISSN:2149-8059;